Philanthropist, Women’s Rights Activist, Anti-War Activist (1860–1935)
Jane Addams, known prominently for her work as a social reformer, pacifist and feminist during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was born Laura Jane Addams on September 6, 1860, in Cedarville, Illinois.
Jane Addams co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, in 1889, and was named a co-winner of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Addams also served as the first female president of the National Conference of Social Work, established the National Federation of Settlements and served as president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. She died in 1935 in Chicago.
Outside of her work as a prominent social reformer, Addams was a deeply committed pacifist and peace activist. A frequent lecturer on the subject of peace, she compiled her talks on ending war in the world in Newer Ideals of Peace, published in 1907. After World War I began, Addams became chair of the Women’s Peace Party. Along with Emily Greene Balch and Alice Hamilton, she attended the International Congress of Women at The Hague in the Netherlands in 1915. These three social reformers and peace activists worked together on a special report, Women at The Hague: The International Congress of Women and Its Results, which was published that same year.
As part of her commitment to finding an end to war, Addams served as president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom from 1919 to 1929. For her efforts, she shared the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize with Nicholas Murray Butler, an educator and presidential advisor.
JANE ADDAMS ROCKED